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gaeshi

【がえし】

1. kaeshi [Common Usage] a counter technique
2. counter attack
3. kaeshi (ke-eh'shee) “counter” The countering of an opponent’s offensive action in judo.
7. lock, outer wrist lock
9. a counter technique
gama
10. kama An Okinawan farming tool used as a weapon.The kama is used by itself or in pairs. A short, sharp blade is set at right angles to the handle and the blade is less curved than an ordinary sickle.
garami

see also: karami
2. [Judo, Akido] A ‘wrapping, winding, and holding’ action used in imobilizing an opponent (Osae-waza)
3. (gaw-raw-mee) “entanglement”
10. [Judo, Akido] Any wrap-and-hold motion used to immobilize the opponent.
gari

【がり】

1. kari [Judo] a reaping technique done with the leg
2. sweeping
kari [Judo] technique of sweeping away the opponent’s legs
3. (gaw'ree) A reaping action with the leg commonly used in judo.
gatame

2. ‘Keeping under control’. See Katame
3. (gaw-ta-may') “locking” or “holding”
gedan

下段

1. [Common Usage] lower level
gedan barai [Karate] downward block; lower-level sweeping block
gedan tsuki [Karate] lower-level punch or strike
2. ‘Low level’. This term is used in martial arts to indicate the height of an attach or defense. In Kendo it means level with the abdomen; in Karate it can extend to mean level with the ground. When used with the word for punch or kick it denotes the region at which the attack is aimed; when used with the work for block, the same applies. It can also mean a defensive movement with the forearm, followed by a punch delivered with a twist of the body.
3. (gay'dawn) “lower” or “lower level” A term often used in karate to pinpoint an area to be attacked. Usually refers to the lower trunk area.
7. lower posture with the jo or hands
8. gedan barai downward block
10. gedan barai A block performed with the outside of the forearm to deflect punches and kicks delivered middle and low. The blocking arm travels from near the opposite shoulder down to the outside of the knee, in a sweeping motion across the chest area. One of the first techniques taught in Karate and Tae Kwon Do, it is a very important though basic one.
Wikipedia description
geri
1. [Common Usage] see keri
2. see Keri.
3. (gay'ree) “kick”
gesa gatame see also: kesa gatame
1. [Judo] scarf hold
2. [Judo] ‘Scarf-hold’, a technique from Osae-komi (holding down on the ground). Tori ‘lies’ across Uke’s body; Uke is on his back. Tori presses his or her right ribs area against Uke’s chest and side, spreading his or her legs wide and pushing against the floor with the soles of his or her feet to prevent escape. There are two forms of Gesa-gatame: controlling the side of the body around the rib cage (Hon Gesa-gatame) and Ushiro Gesa-gatame, which consists of controlling across the chest by the arm and the belt. In the second technique, Tori lies on his or her left side, facing in the opposite direction. There are two variations on these two techniques. The first is Kuzure Gesa-gatame or ‘broken scarf-hold’, in which Tori lies on his or her right side. The second is Makura Gesa-gatame, in which Uke is controlled from the rear. Also called Kesa-gatame.
10.
  • In Judo, called a scarf hold, a grappling technique in which the practitioner lies across the opponent’s body. Varieties of scarf holds include kuzure-gesa gatame, ushiro gesa-gatame, makura gesa-gatame and hon gesa gatame. Also spelled Kesa-gatame.
  • In Judo, any of several hold down techniques performed by throwing the opponent to his or her back and wedging the upper body between the thigh and the arm pit.
goshi

【ごし】

1. [Common Usage] see koshi
2. see Koshi.
3. (goh-shuh) “hip”
guruma

【おおそとぐるま】

see: garami
2. see Kuruma.
gyaku

1. [Common Usage] opposite, reverse
2. ‘Contrary, reverse’. [Karate]. A counter-attacking term signifying that a contrary movement is made, as well as meaning simply reverse or contrary.
3. (gyaw'koo) “reverse” or “opposite”
4. reverse
gyaku tomoe nage ‘reverse stomach throw’
7. reverse, adverse; applied to method of choking and holding
gyaku katate dori
2. [Aikido] A technique in which Uke grasps Shite’s right wrist with the left hand, from the front, or the left wrist with the right hand.
10. gyaku kata te-dori [Aikido] A defense against an arm hold. The practitioner bends the opponent’s free wrist, then pulls the opponent forward, off-balance.
gyaku-juji-jime

逆十字絞

1. [Judo] a strangulation hold done with the hands crossed over in an X-shape.
2. [Judo] One of the groundwork (Ne-waza) techniques in which the attacker’s arms are crossed under the opponent’s throat.
3. (gyaw'koo joo-jee jee-may) “reverse cross necklock” The tenth judo technique of katame-no-kata.
9. Reverse Cross Lock
You hold your opponent’s lapels or the back of his collar with your arms crossed and choke him by applying pressure with your hands. It is important that you control your opponent’s body while you apply the technique. Either arm may be on top, but it is always the top arm that takes the normal grip. This technique can be applied from above, from the sides, while on one’s back, or while standing.
10. The practitioner kneels over the opponent, performing a strangulation.
Wikipedia description
gyaku tsuki

逆突き

1. [Karate] a reverse punch
2. [Karate, Aikido] A punch delivered with a twist of the body. If the right leg is in front the punch is with the left hand; if the left leg is in front the punch is with the right hand.
3. gyaku zuki “reverse punch”
8. reverse punch
10. [Karate] The most widely used technique in Karate. The fist strikes any target in a straight movement. The punching hand is on the opposite side of the forward foot.
Wikipedia description
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